Our invention addresses the paradox of ‘scarcity amidst plenty’ with respect to high solar PV electricity penetration in India. This problem is multi faceted that delves into:

Land-use land cover changes

The envisaged shift towards renewable energy, technologies with relatively larger spatial footprint, require large-scale land acquisition thereby leading to conversion of valuable land. Clearing precious land, with a high opportunity cost, for a power plant may have long-term effects on habitat areas for native plants and animals as the land remains blocked for a period of at least 25 years and has a high probability of loss of prevalent ecosystem services.

Suboptimal utilization

Dust

Shadows

Temprature

Contemporary ground based solar PV power plants sub-optimally utilize available insolation as they lose efficiency and resultant energy yield due to high ambient temperatures, accompanying dust and near shading losses from vegetation. On the other hand, India has equitably distributed water bodies such as lakes, ponds and dams that have a cumulative surface area of 38,000 sq. km.

Implicit water-energy nexus

Solar power plants require water, largely ground or surface, for cleaning. Using large volumes of in some arid locations may affect the ecosystems that depend on these water resources. On the other hand, we loose water due to water due to evaporation, equivalent to 100 Billion Cubic Meter (BCM)/annum from exposed surface area of aforementioned water bodies, which is equivalent to the total domestic water consumption of India. We were called “one of the most innovative companies” by Central Water Commission (CWC), Government of India.